Related Topics

Answered By: Amy Gilbert
Last Updated: Jul 17, 2014     Views: 226

There is an author, the Tennessee Department of Health, since it's their website. There is no last updated date, so use (n.d.) for the date. Use caution, however, in citing a website with very little information, no author or no date in a college paper; sources should be scholarly, written by experts with in-depth information. In addition, state regualtions vary, so a law or regualtion in one state may not be applicable as a general example. Be sure you are citing the correct part of the website, if there is more than one part, and that you use the author in the in-text citation (Tennessee Department of Health, n.d.).

Tennessee Department of Health (n.d.). Frequently asked questions about advance directives. Retrieved from

Source: and and

Nonperiodical Web Document, Web Page, or Report

List as much of the following information as possible (you sometimes have to hunt around to find the information; don't be lazy. If there is a page like, and somepage.htm doesn't have the information you're looking for, move up the URL to

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address


Unknown Author: If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.

A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using APA," 2001).

Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source.

According to the American Psychological Association (2000),...

If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000)

Second citation: (MADD, 2000)


Contact a Reference Librarian